When you’re preparing a MongoDB deployment, you should try to understand how your application is going to hold up in production. It’s a good idea to develop a consistent, repeatable approach to managing your deployment environment so that you can minimize any surprises once you’re in production.
The best approach incorporates prototyping your setup, conducting load testing, monitoring key metrics, and using that information to scale your setup. The key part of the approach is to proactively monitor your entire system - this will help you understand how your production system will hold up before deploying, and determine where you’ll need to add capacity. Having insight into potential spikes in your memory usage, for example, could help put out a write-lock fire before it starts.